Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 20 Oct 2011 10:41 and updated at 20 Oct 2011 10:41


ChandogyaUpa1 5 Speech alone is Rik. Prana is Saman. The syllable Aum is Udgitha. Speech and Prana, (the sources of) Rik and Saman, taken together form a couple.
ChandogyaUpa1 6 Now, one should meditate on the syllables of Udgitha namely, the syllables ut gi and tha Prana is ut because through Prana one arises (ut tisthati). Speech is gi because speech is called word (girah). Food is tha because upon food all this is established (sthitam).
ChandogyaUpa1 1 Now (is the meditation) with reference to the body Speech is Rik, Prana is Sama. This Saman rests upon that Rik. Therefore the Saman is sung as resting upon the Rik. Speech is sa Prana is ama and that makes Sama
ChandogyaUpa3 1 Gayatri indeed is all this, whatever being exists. Speech indeed is Gayatri; for speech indeed sings and removes fear of all this that exists.
ChandogyaUpa4 2,3 One of these Two paths, the Brahman priest embellishes with the mind. The Hotir, Adhvaryu and Udgatir priests embellish the other with speech. After the Prataranuvaka (the morning recitation) is commenced, and before the Paridhaniya Rik is begun, if the Brahman priest speaks out (breaking silence), then he embellishes only one path (viz. Speech) and the other is injured. Just as a man walking with one leg, or a Chariot moving with one wheel suffers injury, so also that sacrifice of this one suffers injury, and when the sacrifice suffers injury, the sacrificer also suffers injury. For having completed the (defective) sacrifice, he becomes a worse sinner.
ChandogyaUpa5 2 Verily, he who knows the richest, becomes the richest among his own people. Speech is indeed the richest.
ChandogyaUpa5 8 Speech departed. Staying a year out, it came back and asked, How have you been able to live without me (The others replied,) Just like the dumb, though not speaking, yet living with the breath, seeing with the eyes, hearing with the ear and thinking with the mind. (At this) speech entered (the body).
ChandogyaUpa7 1 Speech surely is greater than name. Speech indeed makes us understand the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharvana as the fourth, Itihasa Purana as the fifth, grammar, the rules of the worship of the ancestors, mathematics, the science of portents, the science of treasures, logic, the science of ethics, etymology, the ancillary knowledge of the Vedas, the physical science, the science of war, the science of the stars, the science related to serpents, and the fine arts also Heaven and Earth, air and Akasa, Water and fire, Devas and men, cattle and birds, grasses and trees, beasts down to worms, flying insects and ants, merit and demerit, true and false, good and bad, pleasant and unpleasant. Verily, if speech did not exist, neither merit nor demerit would be understood, neither true nor false, neither good nor bad, neither pleasant nor unpleasant. Speech alone makes us understand all this. Hence() worship speech.

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