U Chand7

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 19 Oct 2011 14:06 and updated at 19 Oct 2011 14:06

CHANDOGYA UPANISHAD

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

CHAPTER 7

KHANDA 1

1 Aum. ‘Revered sir, teach me, thus saying Narada approached Sanatkumara. Sanatkumara said to him, ‘What you already know, declaring that to me, be my disciple. What is beyond that I shall tell you. Narada said

2 ‘Revered sir, I know the Rig Veda, the Yajur Veda, the Sama Veda and the Atharvanas the fourth, the Itihasa Purana as the fifth, grammar, the rules for the worship of the ancestors, mathematics, the science of portents, the science of treasures, logic, the science of ethics, etymology, the ancillary knowledge of the Vedas, the physical sciences, the science of war, the science of the stars, the science related to serpents, and the fine arts all this I know, revered sir.

3 ‘Revered sir, however, I am only a knower of verbal texts, not a knower of Atman. Indeed I have heard from persons like your revered self that a knower of Atman goes beyond grief. I am in such a state of grief. May your revered self take me across it. Sanatkumara replied to him, Whatsoever you have studied here, really it is only a name.

4 Name‘ indeed is Rig Veda, (so also) Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and the Atharvana as the fourth, the Itihasa Purana as the fifth, grammar, the rules of the worship of the ancestors, mathematics, the science of portents, the science of treasures, logic, the science of ethics, etymology, the ancillary knowledge of the Vedas, the physical science, the science of war, the science of the stars, the science related to serpents, and the fine arts name alone is all this. Worship the name.

5 ‘He who worships name as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of name, he who worships name as Brahman Narada() ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than name Sanatkumara() ‘Surely, there is something greater than name Narada() ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me.

KHANDA 2

1 Speech‘ surely is greater than name. Speech indeed makes us understand the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharvana as the fourth, Itihasa Purana as the fifth, grammar, the rules of the worship of the ancestors, mathematics, the science of portents, the science of treasures, logic, the science of ethics, etymology, the ancillary knowledge of the Vedas, the physical science, the science of war, the science of the stars, the science related to serpents, and the fine arts also Heaven and Earth, air and Akasa, Water and fire, Devas and men, cattle and birds, grasses and trees, beasts down to worms, flying insects and ants, merit and demerit, true and false, good and bad, pleasant and unpleasant. Verily, if speech did not exist, neither merit nor demerit would be understood, neither true nor false, neither good nor bad, neither pleasant nor unpleasant. Speech alone makes us understand all this. Hence() worship speech.

2 ‘He who worships speech as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of speech, he who worships speech as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than speech ‘Surely, there is something greater than speech ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 3

1 Mind‘ surely is greater than speech. Just as the closed hand encompasses Two Amalaka, or Two Kola, or Two Aksa fruits, so does the mind encompasses speech and name. When by mind one intends "Let me learn the Mantras", then he learns; Let me do sacrificial acts", then he does; "Let me desire offspring and cattle", then he desires; "Let me desire this world and the next", then he desires. Mind indeed is Atman. Mind indeed is the world. Mind indeed is Brahman. Worship the mind.

2 ‘He who worships the mind as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of mind, he who worships the mind as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than mind? ‘Surely, there is something greater than mind ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 4

1 ‘Will surely is greater than mind. Verily, when one wills, then he intends in his mind, then he sends forth speech, and he sends it forth in a name. In the name sacred formulas and in sacred formulas the sacrifices become one.

2 ‘All these, indeed, merge in the will, are made up of the will, and abide in the will. Heaven and Earth willed, air and Akasa willed, Water and fire willed. Through the willing of these, rain wills. Through the willing of rain, food wills. Through the willing of food, Pranas will. Through the willing of Pranas, sacred formulas will. Through the willing of sacred formulas (sacrificial) acts will. Through the willing of (sacrificial) acts, the world wills. Through the willing of the world, all things will. This is will. Worship will.

3 ‘He who worships will as Brahman, he indeed, attains the worlds willed by him himself being permanent, the permanent worlds; himself being well founded, the well founded worlds; himself being undistressed, the undistressed world. He becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of will, he who worships will as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than will ‘Surely, there is something greater than will ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 5

1 Intelligence‘ surely is greater than will. Verily, when one understands, then he wills, then he intends in mind, then he sends forth speech, and he sends it forth in a name. In the name sacred formulas and in sacred formulas the sacrificed become one.

2 ‘All these, indeed, merge in intelligence, are made up of intelligence and abide in intelligence. Therefore, even if a man who knows much is without intelligence, people speak of him thus, ‘He does not exist, nor what he has known; if he were really learned, he would not thus be without intelligence". On the other hand, if a man knowing little is endowed with intelligence, people desire to listen to him also. Intelligence, indeed, is the one centre of mergence of all these, intelligence is their soul, and intelligence is their support. Worship intelligence.

3 ‘He who worships intelligence as Brahman, he indeed, attains the worlds of intelligence himself being permanent, the permanent worlds; himself being well established, the well established worlds; and himself being undistressed, the undistressed world. He becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of intelligence, he who worships intelligence as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than intelligence ‘Surely, there is something greater than intelligence ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 6

1 Contemplation‘ surely is greater than intelligence. The Earth contemplates as it were. The sky contemplates as it were. Heaven contemplates as it were. Water contemplates as it were. The mountains contemplate as it were. Devas and men contemplate as it were. Therefore, verily, those who attain greatness among men here, they seem to have obtained a share of the result of contemplation. And those who are small people, they are quarrelsome, abusive and slanderous; but those who are great men, they appear to have obtained a share of the result of contemplation. Worship contemplation.

2 ‘He who worships contemplation as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of contemplation, he who worships contemplation as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than contemplation ‘Surely, there is something greater than contemplation ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 7

1 ‘Understanding surely is greater than contemplation. By understanding alone one understands the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda, Atharvana as the fourth, Itihasa Purana as the fifth, grammar, the rules for the worship of the ancestors; mathematics, the science of portents, the science of treasures, logic, the Vedas, the physical science, the science of war, the science of the stars, the science related to serpents, and the fine arts also Heaven and Earth, air and Akasa, Water and fire, Devas and men, cattle and birds, grasses and trees, beasts down to worms, flying insects and ants, merit and demerit, true and false, good and bad, pleasant and unpleasant, food and drink, this world and the next (all this) one understands by understanding alone. Worship understanding.

2 ‘He who worships understanding as Brahman, attains the worlds containing the knowledge of the Scriptures and other subjects. He becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of understanding, he who worships understanding as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than understanding ‘Surely, there is something greater than understanding ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 8

1 Strength‘ surely is greater than understanding. A single man with strength causes even a hundred men with understanding to tremble. When a man becomes strong, then he rises; rising, he serves; serving, he approaches nearer; approaching nearer, he sees, hears, reflects, understands, acts and realizes. By strength, indeed, the Earth stands; by strength, the sky; by strength, Heaven; by strength, the mountains; by strength, Devas and men; by strength, cattle and birds, grasses and trees, beasts down to worms, flying insects and ants; by strength the world stands. Worship strength.

2 ‘He who worships strength as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of strength, he who worships strength as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than strength ‘Surely, there is something greater than strength ‘Revered sir, ommunicate it to me

KHANDA 9

1 Food‘ surely is greater than strength. Therefore, if one does not eat for Ten days, even though he might live, yet, verily, he does not see, does not hear, does not reflect, does not act, and does not realize. But with the coming of food, he sees, hears, reflects, understands, acts and realizes. Worship food.

2 ‘He who worships food as Brahman, he verily attains the worlds supplied with food and drink. He is free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of food, he who worships food as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than food ‘Surely, there is something greater than food ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 10

1 Water‘ surely is greater than food. Therefore, when there is not good rain, living creatures are in agony (thinking), Food" will be scarce". But when there is good rain, living creatures become joyous (thinking), Food" will abound". Water, indeed, has assumed all these forms this Earth, this sky, this Heaven, these mountains, these Devas and men, these cattle and birds, grasses and trees, beasts down to worms, flying insects and ants. Water, indeed, has assumed all these forms. Worship Water.

2 ‘He who worships Water as Brahman obtains all desires and becomes satisfied. He becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of Water, he who worships Water as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than Water ‘Surely, there is something greater than Water ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 11

1 Agni‘ surely is greater than Water. It is this fire that having seized the air warms up the Akasa. Then people say, "It is hot, it is burning hot, it will surely rain". There, it is fire that shows itself first, and then creates Water. It is (because of) this fire that thunders roll, along with lightnings flashing upwards and across; and so people say, "Lightning is flashing, it is thundering, it will surely rain". There, it is fire that shows itself first and then creates Water. Worship fire.

2 ‘He who worships fire as Brahman, he, being resplendent himself, attains resplendent worlds, full of light and free from darkness. He becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of fire, he who worships fire as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than fire ‘Surely, there is something greater than fire ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 12

1 Akasa surely is greater than fire. In Akasa, indeed, exist both the sun and the moon, lightning, stars and fire. Through Akasa one calls, through Akasa one hears, through Akasa one hears the response. In Akasa one rejoices, in Akasa one does not rejoice. In Akasa a thing is born, and towards Akasa it grows. Worship Akasa.

2 ‘He who worships Akasa as Brahman, he indeed, attains vast worlds full of light, unconfined and spacious. He is free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of Akasa, he who worships Akasa as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than Akasa ‘Surely, there is something greater than Akasa ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 13

1 Memory‘ surely is greater than Akasa. Therefore, even if many persons should assemble and if they should have no memory, they surely would not hear any sound, they would not think, they would not know. But surely, should they have memory, then they would hear, then they would think, then they would know. Through memory, indeed, one discerns one s sons, through memory one s cattle. Worship memory.

2 ‘He who worships memory as Brahman becomes free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of memory, he who worships memory as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than memory ‘Surely, there is something greater than memory ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 14

1 Aspiration‘ surely is greater than memory. Kindled by aspiration, (one s) memory recites the hymns, performs rites, desires sons and cattle, desires this world and the next. Worship aspiration.

2 ‘He who worships aspiration as Brahman, by aspiration all his wishes prosper, his prayers become infallible. He is free to act as he wishes in the sphere within the reach of aspiration, he who worships aspiration as Brahman ‘Revered sir, is there anything greater than aspiration ‘Surely, there is something greater than aspiration ‘Revered sir, communicate it to me

KHANDA 15

1 Prana‘ surely is greater than aspiration. Just as the spokes of the wheel are fastened to the nave, so is all this fastened to this Prana. Prana moves by Prana, Prana gives Prana and it gives Prana. Prana is the father, Prana is the mother, Prana is the brother, Prana is the sister, Prana is the preceptor, Prana is the Brahmana.

2 ‘If one answers something harsh to his father, mother, brother, sister, preceptor or a Brahmana, people say this to him, "Fie on you You are indeed a slayer of your father, you are indeed a slayer of your mother, you are indeed a slayer of your brother, you are indeed a slayer of your sister, you are indeed a slayer of your preceptor, you are indeed a slayer of a Brahmana."

3 ‘On the other hand, when the Prana has departed from them, even if one piles them together, dismembers them with a fork and burns them up, surely people would not say to him, "You are a slayer of your father", nor "you are a slayer of your mother", nor "You are a slayer of your brother", nor "You are a slayer of your sister", nor "you are a slayer of your preceptor", nor "You are a slayer of a Brahmana".

4 Prana‘ indeed becomes all these. He, indeed, who sees thus, thinks thus and knows thus becomes a surpassing speaker. If someone were to say to him, "You are a surpassing speaker", he should say, "Yes, I am a surpassing speaker", he should not deny it.

KHANDA 16

1 ‘But he really speaks surpassingly who speaks surpassingly with truth ‘Revered sir, being such, I would speak surpassingly with truth ‘But one must desire to understand the truth ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand the truth

KHANDA 17

1 ‘When one understands, then alone does one declare the truth. Without understanding, one does not declare the truth. Only he who understands declares the truth. But one must desire to understand understanding. ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand understanding

KHANDA 18

1 ‘When one reflects, then alone does one understand. Without reflecting one does not understand. Only he who reflects understands. But one must desire to understand reflection. ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand reflection

KHANDA 19

1 ‘When one has faith, then alone does one reflect. Without faith, one does not reflect. Only he who has faith reflects. But one must desire to understand faith ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand faith

KHANDA 20

1 ‘When one has steadfastness, then alone does one have faith. Without steadfastness, one does not have faith. Only he who has steadfastness has faith. But one must desire to understand steadfastness. ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand steadfastness.

KHANDA 21

1 ‘When one acts, then alone does one become steadfast. Without acting, one does not become steadfast. Only on acting does one become steadfast. But one must desire to understand activity ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand activity

KHANDA 22

1 ‘When one obtains happiness then alone does one act. Without obtaining happiness one does not act. Only on obtaining happiness does one act. But one must desire to understand happiness ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand happiness

KHANDA 23

1 That which is infinite, is alone happiness. There is no happiness in anything finite. The infinite alone is happiness. But one must desire to understand the infinite ‘Revered sir, I desire to understand the infinite

KHANDA 24

1 ‘In which one sees nothing else, hears nothing else, understands nothing else, that is infinite. But that in which one sees something else, hears something else, understands something else, is the finite. That which is infinite, is alone immortal, and that which is finite, is mortal ‘Revered sir, in what is that infinite established ‘On its own greatness or not even on its own greatness

2 ‘Here in this world people call Cows and Horses, Elephants and gold, servants and wives, fields and houses, "greatness". I do not speak thus (of greatness), for in that case one thing would be established in another. What I do say is thus

KHANDA 25

1 ‘That infinite alone is below. That is above. That is behind. That is in front. That is to the south. That is to the north. That alone is all this. So next is the teaching in regard to the self sense. I alone am below. I am above. I am behind. I am in front. I am to the south. I am to the north. I alone am all this.

2 ‘So now is the teaching through Atman. Atman alone is below. Atman is above. Atman is behind. Atman is in front. Atman is to the south. Atman is to the north. Atman alone is all this. Verily, he it is who sees thus, and understands thus, has pleasure in Atman, delight in Atman, union in Atman, joy in Atman. He becomes Self sovereign; he becomes free to act as he wishes in all the worlds. But those who know otherwise than this are ruled by others and live in perishable worlds; they are not free to act as they wish in all the worlds.

KHANDA 26

1 Verily, for him alone, who sees thus, reflects thus and understands thus, Prana springs from Atman, aspiration from Atman, memory from Atman, Akasa from Atman, fire from Atman, Water from Atman, appearance and disappearances from Atman, food from Atman, strength from Atman, understanding from Atman, contemplation from Atman, intelligence from Atman, will from Atman, mind from Atman, speech from Atman, name from Atman, hymns from Atman, rites from Atman, all this (springs) from Atman alone.

2 ‘There is this verse about it "He who sees this does not see death nor illness nor any sorrow. He who sees this sees all things and obtains all things in all ways." ‘He is one, becomes threefold, fivefold, Seven fold and also ninefold. Then again he is called the elevenfold, also a hundred and Ten fold and also a thousand and twenty fold. When nourishment is pure, reflection and higher understanding become pure. When reflection and higher understanding are pure, memory becomes strong. When memory becomes strong, there is release from all the knots of the heart. The revered Sanatkumara showed to Narada, after his impurities had been washed off, the further shore of darkness. People call Sanatkumara as Skanda yea, they call him Skanda.

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