U Chand3

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 19 Oct 2011 14:04 and updated at 19 Oct 2011 14:04

CHANDOGYA UPANISHAD

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

CHAPTER 3

KHANDA 1

1 Aum. The yonder sun indeed is the honey of the Devas. Of this honey, Heaven is the cross beam, the sky is the honey comb, and (the Water particles in) the rays are the eggs.

2,3 The eastern rays of that sun are its eastern honey cells; the Riks are the bees, (the ritual of) the Rig Veda is the flower and those Waters are the nectar. Those very Riks (the bees) pressed this Rig Veda. From it, thus pressed, issued forth as juice, fame, splendour (of limbs), (alertness of) the senses, virility, and food for eating.

4 That juice flowed forth; it settled by the side of the sun. Verily, this it is that appears as the red hue of the sun.

KHANDA 2

1 And its southern rays are its southern honey cells. The Yajus verses are the bees. The Yajur Veda is the flower; and those Waters are the nectar.

2 Those very Yajus verses pressed this Yajur Veda. And from it, thus pressed, issued forth as juice, fame, splendour of limbs, alertness of the senses, virility, and food for eating.

3 It, flowed forth; it settled by the side of the sun. Verily, this it is that appears as the white hue of the sun.

KHANDA 3

1 And its western rays are its western honey cells. The Samans are the bees. The Sama Veda is the flower; and those Waters are the nectar.

2 Those very Samans pressed this Sama Veda. From it, thus pressed, issued forth as juice, fame, splendour of limbs, alertness of the senses, virility, and food for eating.

3 It flowed forth; it settled by the side of the sun. Verily, this it is that appears as the black hue of the sun.

KHANDA 4

1 And its northern rays are its northern honey cells. The Mantras of the Atharva Veda are the bees. The Itihasa and the Purana are the flower; and those Waters are the nectar.

2 Those Mantras of the Atharva Veda pressed this Itihasa Purana. From it, thus pressed, issued forth as juice, fame, splendour of limbs, alertness of the senses, virility, and food for eating.

3 It flowed forth; it settled by the side of the sun. Verily, this it is that appears as the deep black hue of the sun.

KHANDA 5

1 And its upper rays are its upper honey cells. The secret teachings are the bees. Brahman Pranava() is the flower. Those Waters (the results of the meditations on the Pranava) are the nectar.

2 Those secret teachings pressed this Pranava. From it, thus pressed, issued forth as juice, fame, splendour of limbs, alertness of the senses, virility, and food for eating.

3 It flowed forth; it settled by the side of the sun. Verily, this it is that appears as the quivering in the middle of the sun.

4 Verily, these hues are the juice of the juices, for the Vedas are the essences and these are their essence. These hues indeed are the nectar of the nectars, for the Vedas are the nectar and these are their nectar.

KHANDA 6

1 That which is the first nectar (i.e. the red form), that verily Vasus enjoy with Agni as their leader. The Devas, indeed, neither eat nor drink, only with seeing this nectar are they satisfied.

2 They enter into this very form (colour) and out of this form they emerge.

3 He who knows thus this nectar becomes one of the Vasus, and with Agni as the leader, is satisfied only with seeing this nectar. He enters into this very form and out of this form he emerges.

4 As long as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west, so long does he retain the sovereignty and the heavenly Kingdom of (or similar to that of) the Vasus.

KHANDA 7

1 And that which is the second nectar (i.e. the white form), that verily the Rudras enjoy with Indra as their leader. The Devas, indeed, neither eat nor drink; only with seeing this nectar are they satisfied.

2 They enter into this very form and out of this form they emerge.

3 He who knows thus this nectar becomes one of the Rudras, and with Indra as the leader, is satisfied only with seeing this nectar. He enters into this very form and out of this form he emerges.

4 As long as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west, even twice so long does he (the Sun) rise in the south and set in the north and even so long does he retain the sovereignty and the heavenly Kingdom of the Rudras.

KHANDA 8

1 And that which is the third nectar (i.e. the black form), that verily the Adityas enjoy with Varuna as their leader. The Devas, indeed, neither eat nor drink; only with seeing this nectar are they satisfied.

2 They enter into this very form and out of this form they emerge.

3 He who knows thus this nectar becomes one of the Adityas, and with Varuna as the leader, is satisfied only with seeing this nectar. He enters into this very form and out of this form he emerges.

4 As long as the sun rises in the south and sets in the north, even twice so long does he (the Sun) rise in the west and set in the east and even so long does he retain the sovereignty and the heavenly Kingdom of the Adityas.

KHANDA 9

1 And that which is the fourth nectar (i.e. the deep black colour), that verily the Maruts enjoy with Soma as their leader. The Devas, indeed, neither eat nor drink; only with seeing this nectar are they satisfied.

2 They enter into this very form and out of this form they emerge.

3 He who knows thus this nectar becomes one of the Maruts, and with Soma as the leader is satisfied only with seeing this nectar.

4 As long as the sun rises in the west and sets in the east, even twice so long does he (the Sun) rise in the north and set in the south and even so long does he retain the sovereignty and the heavenly Kingdom of the Maruts.

KHANDA 10

1 And that which is the fifth nectar (i.e. the quivering form within the sun), that verily the Sadhyas enjoy with Pranava as their leader. The Devas, indeed, neither eat nor drink; only with seeing this nectar are they satisfied.

2 They enter into this very form and out of this form they emerge.

3 He who knows thus this nectar becomes one of the Sadhyas, and with Pranava as the leader is satisfied only with seeing this nectar.

4 As long as the sun rises in the north and sets in the south, even twice so long does he (the Sun) rise in overhead and set below and even so long does he retain the sovereignty and the heavenly Kingdom of the Sadhyas.

KHANDA 11

1 Then, rising from there upward, he will neither rise nor set. He will remain alone in the middle. There is this verse about it

2 ‘Never does this happen there. Never did the sun set there nor did it rise. O Devas, by this, my assertion of the truth, may I not fall from Brahman

3 Verily, for him the sun neither rises nor sets. He who thus knows this secret of the Vedas, for him, there is perpetual day.

4 Hiranyagarbha imparted this Doctrine of Honey to Prajapati, Prajapati to Manu, and Manu to his progeny. And the father told his eldest son Uddalaka Aruni this very knowledge of Brahman.

5 A father may declare to his eldest son or to any other worthy disciple this very knowledge of Honey.

6 And not to any one else, even if one should offer him this sea girt Earth filled with wealth. This (doctrine) is certainly greater than that. This certainly is greater than that.

KHANDA 12

1 Gayatri indeed is all this, whatever being exists. Speech indeed is Gayatri; for speech indeed sings and removes fear of all this that exists.

2 That which is this Gayatri, even that is this Earth; for on this Earth are all the beings established and they do not transcend it.

3 That which is this Earth (as Gayatri), even that is this, i.e. this body in respect of this person; for these senses are indeed established in this body and they do not transcend it.

4 That which is the body in respect of a person, even that is identical with) the heart within this body; for these senses are indeed established in it and they do not transcend it.

5 This well known Gayatri is Four footed and sixfold. The Gayatri Brahman is thus expressed in the following Rik

6 Such is the greatness of this Brahman( called Gayatri). The Person is even greater than this. All this world is a quarter of Him, the other Three quarters of His constitute immortality in Heaven.

7,9 That which is (designated as) Brahman, even that is this Akasa outside the body. That which is the Akasa outside the body, even that is the Akasa inside the body. That which is the Akasa inside the body, even that is this Akasa within the (lotus of the) heart. This Brahman is all filling and unchanging. He who knows Brahman() thus, gets all filling and unchanging prosperity.

KHANDA 13

1 Of the said heart, there are, indeed, Five doors guarded by the Devas. (He who is in) that which is the eastern door of this, is Prana. He is the eye, he is the sun. This Brahman( called Prana) should be meditated upon as brightness and as the source of food. He who meditates thus, becomes resplendent and an eater of food.

2 And (he who is in) that which is the southern door of this (heart), is Vyana. He is the ear, he is the moon. This Brahman( called Vyana) should be meditated upon as prosperity and fame. He who meditates thus becomes prosperous and famous.

3 And (he who is in) that which is the western door of this (heart), is Apana. He is speech, he is fire. This Brahman( called Apana) should be meditated upon as the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom and as the source of food. He who meditates thus becomes radiant with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom and also an eater of food.

4 And (he who is in) that which is the northern door of this (heart), is Samana. He is the mind, he is Parjanya (the rain god). This Brahman( called Samana) should be meditated upon as fame and grace. He who meditates thus becomes famous and graceful.

5 And (he who is in) that which is the upper door of this (heart), is Udana. He is the air, he is the Akasa. This Brahman( called Udana) should be meditated upon as strength and nobility. He who meditates thus becomes strong and noble.

6 These, verily, are the Five persons under Brahman, the sentinels of the heavenly world. He who adores thus these Five persons under Brahman, the sentinels of the heavenly world, in his family is a hero born. He who adores thus these Five persons under Brahman, the sentinels of the heavenly world, reaches the heavenly world.

7 Again, the light of Brahman that shines above this Heaven, above everything, above all, in the incomparably good and the highest worlds, even this is the light within the body of man. This light can be seen inasmuch as one has a perception of warmth when one touches the body. It can be heard inasmuch as, on closing the ears, one hears something like the sound of a Chariot or the bellowing of a bull, or the sound of a blazing fire. One should meditate on the light as seen and heard. One who meditates on this thus, becomes beautiful and illustrious yea, one who meditates thus.

KHANDA 14

1 Verily, all this universe is Brahman. From Him do all things originate, into Him do they dissolve and by Him are they sustained. On Him should one meditate in tranquillity. For as is one s faith, such indeed one is; and as is one s faith in this world, such one becomes on departing hence. Let one, therefore, cultivate faith.

2,3 He, who is permeating the mind, who has Prana for his body, whose nature is consciousness, whose resolve is infallible, whose own form is like Akasa, whose creation is all that exists, whose are all the pure desires, who possesses all the agreeable odours and all the pleasant tastes, who exists pervading all this, who is without speech (and other senses), who is free from agitation and eagerness this my Atman, residing in (the lotus of) the heart is smaller than a grain of paddy, than a barley corn, than a mustard seed, than a grain of millet or than the kernel of a grain of millet. This my Atman residing in (the lotus of) the heart is greater than the Earth, greater than the sky, greater than Heaven, greater than all these worlds.

4 He, whose creation is all that exists, whose are all the pure desires, who possesses all the agreeable odours and all the pleasant tastes, who exists pervading all this, who is without speech (and other senses), who is free from agitation and eagerness, He is my Atman residing in (the lotus of) the heart; He is Brahman. On departing hence I shall attain to His being. He alone who possesses this faith and has no doubt about it (will obtain the result). Thus declared Sandilya yea, Sandilya.

KHANDA 15

1 The chest (i.e. the universe), having the sky as its hollow and the Earth for its (curved) bottom, does not decay. The quarters are indeed its corners and Heaven its upper lid. This well known chest is the container of wealth. All things rest in it.

2 Of that chest, the eastern quarter is named Juhu, the southern is named Sahamana, the western is named Rajni and the northern is named Subhuta. The air is their calf. He who knows this air, the calf of the quarters, thus (as immortal), never weeps in mourning for his son. I, wishing my son s, longevity, worship thus this air, the calf of the quarters. May I never weep to mourn my son.

3 I take refuge in the imperishable chest for such and such and such. I take refuge in Prana for such and such and such. I take refuge in Bhuh for such and such and such. I take refuge in Bhuvah for such and such and such. I take refuge in Svah for such and such and such.

4 When I said, ‘I take refuge in Prana (it was because) all these beings, whatsoever exist, are indeed Prana. So it was in this alone that I took refuge.

5 Then when I said, ‘I take refuge in Bhuh I said only this ‘I take refuge in the Earth, I take refuge in the sky, I take refuge in Heaven

6 Then when I said, ‘I take refuge in Bhuvah I said only this ‘I take refuge in Agni, I take refuge in Vayu, I take refuge in the Sun.

7 Then, when I said, ‘I take refuge in Svah I said only this ‘I take refuge in the Rig Veda, I take refuge in the Yajur Veda, I take refuge in the Sama Veda yea, that was what I said.

KHANDA 16

1 Man, truly, is the sacrifice. His (first) twenty Four years are the morning libation, for the metre Gayatri is made up of twenty Four syllables, and the morning libation is related to the Gayatri metre. With this the Vasus are connected. The Pranas indeed are the Vasus, for they make all this stable.

2 During this period of life if anything (e.g. illness) causes him pain, he should repeat ‘O Pranas, Vasus, unite this morning libation of mind with the midday libation. May I who am a sacrifice not be lost in the midst of the Vasus who are the Pranas He surely recovers from that and becomes healthy.

3 Now, (his next) forty Four years are the mid day libation, (for) the metre Tristubh is made up of forty Four syllables, and the mid day libation is related to the Tristubh metre. With this, the Rudras are connected. The Pranas indeed are the Rudras, for they cause all this (universe) to weep.

4 During this period of life if anything (e.g. illness) causes him pain, he should repeat ‘O Pranas, Rudras, unite this mid day libation of mine with the third libation. May I, who am a sacrifice, not be lost in the midst of the Rudras who are the Pranas He surely recovers from that and becomes healthy.

5 Then (his next) forty Eignt years are the third libation. The metre Jagati is made up of forty Eignt syllables and the third libation is related to the Jagati metre. With this, the Adityas are connected. The Pranas indeed are the Adityas, for they accept all this.

6 During this period of life if anything (e.g. illness) causes him pain, he should repeat ‘O Pranas, Adityas, extend this third libation of mine to a full length of life. May I, who am a sacrifice, not be lost in the midst of the Adityas who are the Pranas. He surely recovers from that and becomes healthy.

7 Knowing this well known (doctrine of sacrifice) Aitareya Mahidasa said, ‘Why do you afflict me thus, me who cannot be so killed. He lived for one hundred and sixteen years. He, too, who knows thus, lives in vigour for one hundred and sixteen years.

KHANDA 17

1 That he (who performs the Purusha sacrifice) feels hunger, that he feels thirst, that he does not rejoice –all these are the initiatory rites of this sacrifice.

2 And, that he eats that he drinks, that he rejoices all these approach Upasadas.

3 And, that he laughs, that he eats, that he behaves as one of a couple all these approach Stotra and Sastra.

4 And his austerity, gifts, uprightness, non violence, and truthfulness all these are the largesses of this sacrifice.

5 Therefore people say ‘sosyati (will procreate), and ‘asosta (has procreated). Again, that is the procreation of this, and death is the Avabhrita bath.

6 Ghora Angirasa expounded this well known doctrine to Devaki s son Krishna and said, ‘Such a knower should, at the time of death, repeat this triad "Thou art the imperishable, Thou art unchangeable, Thou art the subtle essence of Prana". (On hearing the above) he became thirstless. There are these Two Rik stanzas in regard to this.

7 (Those knowers of Brahman who have purified their mind through the withdrawal of the senses and other means like Brahmacharya) see everywhere (the day like the supreme light) of the ancient One who is the seed of the universe, (the light that shines in the Effulgent Brahman). May we, too having perceived the highest light which dispels darkness, reach it. Having perceived the highest light in our own heart we have reached that highest light, which is the dispeller (of Water, rays of light and the Pranas), shining in all Devas yea, we have reached that highest light.

KHANDA 18

1 The mind is Brahman, thus one should meditate this is (the meditation) with regard to the body (including the mind). Next, the meditation with regard to the Devas the Akasa is Brahman, thus (one should meditate). Both the meditations, with regard to the body and with regard to the Devas are being enjoined.

2 This same Brahman has Four feet. The organ of speech is one foot. Prana (the organ of smell) is one foot, the eye is one foot and the ear is one foot. This is with reference to the body. Next, with reference to the Devas. Agni is one foot, Vayu is one foot, Aditya is one foot and the quarters are one foot. Thus both the meditations, with reference to the body and with reference to the Devas, are enjoined.

3 The organ of speech is one of the Four feet of Brahman (called Mind). With the light of fire it shines and warms. He who knows thus, shines and warms with fame and celebrity and with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom.

4 The organ of smell is one of the Four feet of Brahman. With the light of air it shines and warms. He who knows thus, shines and warms with fame and celebrity and with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom.

5 The eye is one of the Four feet of Brahman. With the light of the sun it shines and warms. He who knows thus, shines and warms with fame and celebrity and with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom.

6 The ear is one of the Four feet of Brahman. With the light of the quarters it shines and warms. He who knows thus, shines and warms with fame and celebrity and with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom yea, he who knows thus.

KHANDA 19

1 The Sun is Brahman this is the teaching. The further explanation of this (is here given). Before creation, this universe was non existent. Then it became existent. It grew; it turned into an egg; it lay for a period of one year; (and then) it burst open. Of the Two halves of that egg shell, one was of silver and the other of gold.

2 Of these, that which was of silver is this Earth. That which was of Gold is Heaven. That which was the outer membrane is the mountains. That which was the inner membrane is the mist together with the clouds. Those which were the veins are the rivers. That which was the Water in the lower belly is the ocean.

3 And that which was born is the yonder sun. After he was born, sounds of the form of loud shouts arose, as also all beings and all desired objects. Therefore at his rise and his every return (or his setting), sounds of the form of loud shouts arise, as also all beings and all desired objects.

4 He who knows the Sun thus and meditates on it as Brahman, auspicious sounds will hasten to him and continue to delight him yea, will continue to delight.

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