U Chand2

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 19 Oct 2011 14:03 and updated at 19 Oct 2011 14:03

CHANDOGYA UPANISHAD

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

CHAPTER 2

KHANDA 1

1 Aum. Surely, the meditation on the whole Saman is good. Anything that is good, people call as Saman, anything that is not good, as Asaman.

2 Thus, when people say, ‘He approached him with Saman then they say only this ‘He approached him with a good motive And when they say, ‘He approached him with Asaman then they say only this" ‘He approached him with an evil motive.

3 Again, people say ‘Oh, this is Saman for us when it is something good; then they say only this ‘Oh, this is good for us Again, they say, ‘Oh, this is Asaman for us when it is not good; then they say only this

4 When one who knows it thus meditates on the Saman as good, all good qualities hasten towards him and serve him.

KHANDA 2

1 Among the worlds one should meditate upon the Saman as fivefold. The Earth is the syllable him, the fire is Prasrava, the sky is Udgitha, the sun is Pratihara, and Heaven is Nidhana. Thus this meditation pertains to the higher worlds.

2 Now, among the lower worlds. Heaven is the syllable him, the sun is Prastava, the sky is Udgitha the fire is Pratihara, and the Earth is Nidhana.

3 The worlds in the ascending and descending lines belong to him. Who, knowing it thus (endowed with the quality of ‘good meditates on the fivefold Saman in the worlds.

KHANDA 3

1,2 One should meditate on the fivefold Saman as rain. The wind that precedes is the syllable him, the cloud that is formed is Prastava, the shower is Udgitha, lightning and thunder are Pratihara, and the ceasing is Nidhana. It rains for him indeed, he causes rain who, knowing it thus, meditates on the fivefold Saman as rain.

KHANDA 4

1 One should meditate on the fivefold Saman in all the Waters. When a cloud gathers, it is the syllable him. When it rains, it is Prastava. Those Waters() that flow to the east, are Udgitha. Those that flow to the west are Pratihara. The ocean is Nidhana.

2 He who, knowing it thus, meditates on the fivefold Saman in all the Waters, does not drown in Water and he becomes rich in Water.

KHANDA 5

1 One should meditate on the fivefold Saman as the seasons The spring is the syllable him, the summer is Prastava, the rainy season is Udgitha, the autumn is Pratihara, and the winter is Nidhana.

2 He, who knowing it thus, meditates on the fivefold Saman in the seasons, him the seasons serve and he becomes rich in seasons.

KHANDA 6

1 One should meditate on the fivefold Saman as the animals. The goats are the syllable him, the sheep are Prastava, the Cows are Udgitha, the Horses are Pratihara, and man is Nidhana.

2 He, who knowing it this, meditates on the fivefold Saman in animals, to him animals belong and he becomes rich in animals.

KHANDA 7

1 One should meditate on the progressively higher and better fivefold Saman as the senses; The organ of smell is the syllable him, the organ of speech is Prastava, the eye is Udgitha, the ear is Pratihara, and the mind is Nidhana. Verily, these are progressively higher and better.

2 He who knowing it thus, meditates on the fivefold Saman, progressively higher and better, in the senses, to him belong progressively higher and better lives and he wins ever higher and better worlds. So much for (the meditation on) the fivefold Saman.

KHANDA 8

1,2 Next is the meditation on the Seven fold Saman. One should meditate on the Seven fold Saman as speech. Whatsoever in speech is ‘hum that is the syllable him; whatever is ‘pra that is Prastava; whatever is ‘a that is Adi (the first); whatever is ‘ut that is Udgitha; whatever is ‘prati that is Pratihara; whetever is ‘upa that is Upadrava; and whatever is ‘ni that is Nidhana.

3 He who knowing it thus, meditates on the Seven fold (whole) Saman as speech, for him speech yields milk i.e. its appropriate benefit, and he becomes rich in food and an eater of food.

KHANDA 9

1 Next, one should meditate upon the Seven fold Saman as the yonder sun. He is the Saman because he is always the same. He is the Saman because he is the same to all, for each one thinks, ‘He faces me, he faces me.

2 One should know that all these beings are dependent on him. What he is before rising, that is Himkara. On this, the animals are dependent. As they participate in the Himkara part of this Saman, do they utter him (before sunrise).

3 Then, the form of the sun when it has just risen, that is Prastava. On this, men are dependent. As they participate in the Prastava part of this Saman, so are they desirous of praise, direct and indirect.

4 And the form of the sun as it appears at the time of the assembling of its rays, that is Adi. On this, the birds are dependent. As they participate in the Adi part of this Saman, so do they hold themselves unsupported in the sky and fly about.

5 Next, the form of the sun that appears just at midday, that is Udgitha. On this, the Devas are dependent. As they participate in the Udgitha part of this Saman, so are they the best among the offsprings of Prajapati.

6 Next, the form of the sun that appears just after midday and before (the latter part of) afternoon, that is Pratihara. On this, the foetuses are dependent. As they participate in the Pratihara part of this Saman, (so are they held up in the womb) and they do not fall down.

7 Next, the form of the sun that appears when it is past afternoon and before sunset, that is Upadrava. On this, the wild animals are dependent. As they participate in the Upadrava part of this Saman, so do they, when they see a man, run away to the Forest, as to a place of safety.

8 Now, the form of the sun that appears just after sunset, that is Nidhana. On this, the fathers are dependent. As they participate in the Nidhana part of this Saman, so do people lay them aside.

KHANDA 10

1 Now, verily, one should meditate on the Seven fold Saman, which has all its parts similar, and which leads beyond death. Himkara‘, has Three syllables; Prastava‘ has Three syllables. So they are equal to each other.

2 Adi‘ has Two syllables; Pratihara‘ has Four syllables. We take one syllable from Pratihara to Adi. So they are equal to each other.

3 Udgitha‘ has Three syllables; Upadrava‘ has Four syllables. Three and Three become equal. One syllable is left over; that really is tri syllabic; so it also becomes equal.

4 Nidhana‘ has Three syllables, and this to is equal (to the others). These, indeed, are the twenty Two syllables (of the Seven fold Saman).

5,6 He who, knowing this Saman thus (as good), meditates on the Seven fold Saman, which has all its parts similar and which leads beyond death, reaches the sun Death() by the number twenty one; for, counting from this world the yonder sun is verily the twenty first. With the remaining twenty second syllable he conquers the world beyond the sun. That world is of the nature of bliss, and is free from misery. (That is), he obtains victory over the sun, and then a victory still higher becomes his, who meditates on the Seven fold Saman.

KHANDA 11

1 The mind is Himkara, speech is Prastava, the eye is Udgitha, the ear is Pratihara, and the Prana is Nidhana. This is the Gayatra Saman woven in (the Prana and) the senses.

2 He who thus knows this Gayatra Saman as woven in (the Prana and) the senses, becomes the possessor of perfect senses, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should be high minded.

KHANDA 12

1 One rubs, that is Himkara. The smoke is produced, that is Prastava. It blazes, that is Udgitha. The embers are formed, that is Pratihara. It goes down, that is Nidhana. It is completely extinguished, that is Nidhana. This is the Rathantara Saman woven in fire.

2 He who thus knows this Rathantara Saman as woven in fire becomes radiant with the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom, is endowed with good appetite and reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should neither sip nor spit facing the fire.

KHANDA 13

1,2 The Vamadevya Saman is woven in a couple. He who thus knows this Vamadevya Saman as woven in a couple becomes one of the couple and procreates. He reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not despise any woman.

KHANDA 14

1 The rising sun is Himkara; the risen sun is Prastava; the midday sun is Udgitha; the sun in the afternoon is Pratihara, and the setting sun is Nidhana. This is the Brihat Saman woven in the sun.

2 He who thus knows this Brihat Saman as woven in the sun becomes refulgent and endowed with good appetite, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with the burning sun.

KHANDA 15

1 The white clouds gather, that is Himkara. The (rain bearing) cloud is formed, that is Prastava. It rains, that is Udgitha. It flashes and thunders, that is Pratihara. It ceases, that is Nidhana. This is the Vairupa Saman woven in the rain cloud.

2 He who thus knows this Virupa Saman as woven in the rain cloud acquires cattle of handsome and manifold forms, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with the rain cloud when it rains.

KHANDA 16

1 The spring is Himkara, the summer is Prastava, the rainy season is Udgitha, the autumn is Pratihara, and the winter is Nidhana. This is the Vairaja Saman woven in the seasons.

2 He who thus knows this Vairaja Saman as woven in the seasons shines with offspring, cattle and the holy effulgence born of sacred wisdom, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with the seasons.

KHANDA 17

1 The Earth is Himkara, the sky is Prastava, Heaven is Udgitha, the quarters are Pratihara, and the ocean is Nidhana. This is the Sakvari Saman woven in the worlds.

2 He who thus knows this Sakvari Saman woven in the worlds, becomes the possessor of the worlds, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with the worlds.

KHANDA 18

1 The goats are Himkara, the sheep are Prastava, the Cows are Udgitha, the Horses are Pratihara, and man is Nidhana. This is the Revati Saman woven in the animals.

2 He who thus knows this Revati Saman woven in the animals, becomes the possessor of animals, reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle, great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with animals.

KHANDA 19

1 The hair is Himkara, the skin is Prastava, the flesh is Udgitha, the bone is Pratihara, and the marrow is Nidhana. This is the Yajnayajniya Saman woven in the limbs of the body.

2 He who thus knows this Yajnayajniya Saman, woven in the limbs of the body, is endowed with all the limbs, and is not crippled in any limb; he reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not eat fish and meat for a year, or rather, he should not eat fish and meat at all.

KHANDA 20

1 Agni is Himkara, Vayu is Prastava, the Sun is Udgitha, the Stars are Pratihara, and the Moon is Nidhana. This is the Rajana Saman woven in the deities.

2 He who knows thus knows this Rajana Saman woven in the deities, abides in the same world or gets the same prosperity as these very deities or attains union with them; he reaches the full length of life, lives gloriously, becomes great with offspring and cattle and great also with fame. His holy vow is that he should not find fault with the Brahmanas.

KHANDA 21

1 The Three Vedas are Himkara; the Three worlds are Prastava; Agni, Vayu and the Sun are Udgitha; the Stars, the birds and the rays are Pratihara; the serpents, the celestial singers and the fathers are Nidhana. This is the collection of Samans woven in all things.

2 Verily, he who thus knows this collection of Samans as woven in all things becomes the lord of all things.

3 There is this verse about it That which is fivefold in groups of Three there is nothing else greater or other than these (fifteen).

4 He who knows that knows all. All the quarters bring offerings to him. His holy vow is that he should meditate ‘I am all yea, that is his vow.

KHANDA 22

1 ‘Of the Samans, I choose the one that bellows, as it were, and is good for cattle, thus (some think). This is the loud singing sacred to Agni, the undefined one to Prajapati, the defined one to Soma, the soft and smooth to Vayu, the smooth and strong to Indra, the heron like to Brihaspati, and the ill sounding to Varuna. Verily, one may practise all these, but should avoid the one sacred to Varuna.

2 ‘May I obtain immortality for the Devas by singing (thinking) thus one should sing. ‘May I obtain my singing, oblation for the fathers, hope for men, grass and Water for animals, the heavenly world for the sacrificer, and food for myself thus reflecting in his mind on all these, he should sing the Stotra attentively.

3 All vowels are the embodiments of Indra; all sibilants are the embodiments of Prajapati; all Sparsa consonants are the embodiments of Death. If anyone should reprove him for the pronunciation of his vowels, he should tell him, ‘I have taken my refuge in Indra; he will answer you.

4 And if some one should reprove him for sibilants he should tell him, ‘I have taken my refuge in Prajapati; he will crush you And if some one should reprove him for his Sparsa consonants, he should tell him, ‘I have taken my refuge in Death; he will burn you up.

5 All vowels should be pronounced sonant and strong, (with the thought), ‘May I impart strength to Indra Prana() All sibilants should be pronounced, neither inarticulately, nor leaving out the elements of sound, but distinctly (with the thought), ‘May I give myself to Prajapati Virat(). All Sparsa consonants should be pronounced slowly, without mixing them with any other letter, (with the thought), ‘May I withdraw myself from Death.

KHANDA 23

1 Three are the branches of religious duty. Sacrifice, study and gifts these are the first. Austerity alone is the second, and the celibate student of sacred knowledge, who lives in the house of the teacher throughout his life mortifying his body in the teacher s house, is the third. All these become possessors of meritorious worlds; but he who is established firmly in Brahman, attains immortality.

2 Prajapati brooded on the worlds. From them, thus brooded upon, issued forth the threefold Veda (as their essence). He brooded on this. From this, thus brooded upon, issued forth the syllables Bhuh, Bhuvah and Svah.

3 He brooded on them. From them, thus brooded upon, issued forth (as their essence) the syllable Aum Brahman(). Just as all the parts of the leaf, are permeated by the ribs of the leaf, so are all the words permeated by the syllable Aum. Verily, the syllable Aum is all this yea, the syllable Aum is verily all this.

KHANDA 24

1,2 The expounders of Brahman say, ‘The morning libation is of the Vasus, the midday libation is of the Rudras and the third libation is of the Adityas and of the Visvadevas. Where, the, is the world of the sacrificer How can he who does not know this, perform (sacrifices) It is only after knowing this that he should perform (sacrifices).

3,4 Before the commencement of the morning chant, the sacrificer sits down behind the Garhapatya fire, facing the north and sings the Saman sacred to the Vasus ‘(O Agni), open the door of this world that we may see you for obtaining the Kingdom.

5,6 Then he offers the oblation (with the Mantra) Salutation‘ to Agni, who dwells in the region of the Earth. Obtain the region, for me the sacrificer. This region, indeed, is to be obtained by the sacrificer. At the end of the duration of this life, I, the sacrificer, am willing to come here Svaha. ‘Unbar the door of the region saying this he gets up. (As a result) the Vasus grant him (the region connected with) the morning libation.

7,8 Before the starting of the midday libation, the sacrificer sits down behind the Agnidhriya fire, facing the north, and sings the Saman sacred to the Rudras ‘(O Agni), open the door of the region of the sky that we may see you for obtaining the sovereignty of the sky.

9,10 Then he offers the oblation (with the Mantra) Salutation‘ to Vayu, who dwells in the region of the sky. Obtain this region for me, the sacrificer. This region, indeed, is to be obtained by the sacrificer. At the end of the duration of this life, I, the sacrificer, am willing to go there Svaha ‘Unbar the door of the region saying this he gets up. (As a result) the Rudras grant him (the region of the sky connected with) the midday libation.

11,13 Before beginning the third libation, the sacrificer sits down behind the Ahavaniya fire, facing the north, and sings the Saman sacred to the Adityas and the one sacred to the Visvadevas ‘(O Agni), open the door of the region of Heaven that we may see you for obtaining the sovereignty of Heaven This is the Saman sacred to the Adityas. Next is the one sacred to the Visvadevas; ‘(O Agni), open the door of the region of Heaven that we may see you for obtaining the supreme sovereignty.

14,15 Then the sacrificer offers the oblation (with the Mantra) Salutation‘ to the Adityas and to the Visvadevas, the inhabitants of the region of Heaven. Obtain the region of Heaven for me, the sacrificer. This region, indeed, is to be obtained by the sacrificer. At the end of the duration of this life, I, the sacrificer, am willing to go there Svaha ‘Unbar the door of the region saying this, he gets up.

16 The Adityas and the Visvadevas grant him (the region appropriate to) the third libation. He alone knows the real character of the sacrifice, who knows thus.

Share:- Facebook