U Brhar5

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 19 Oct 2011 13:49 and updated at 19 Oct 2011 13:50

BRIHADARANYAKA UPANISHAD

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

CHAPTER 5

KHANDA 1

1 Aum. That Brahman() is infinite, and this (universe) is infinite. The infinite proceeds from the infinite. (Then) taking the infinitude of the infinite (universe), it remains as the infinite Brahman() alone. Aum is the ether Brahman the eternal ether. The ether containing air, says the son of Kauravyayani. It is the Veda, (so) the Brahmans (knowers of Brahman) know; (for) through it one knows what is to be known.

KHANDA 2

1 Three classes of Prajapati s sons lived a life of continence with their father, Prajapati Viraj() the Devas, men and Asuras. The Devas, on the completion of their term, said, Please instruct us He told them the syllable Da (and asked), have you understood (They) said, We have. You tell us Control yourselves (He) said, Yes, you have understood

2 Then the men said to him, Please instruct us He told them the same syllable Da (and asked), Have you understood (They) said, We have. You tell us Give (He) said, Yes, you have understood

3 Then the Asuras said to him, Please instruct us He told them the same syllable Da (and asked), Have you understood (They) said, We have. You tell us Have compassion (He) said, Yes, you have understood That very thing is repeated by the Heavenly voice, the cloud, as Da Da Da Control yourselves Give and have compassion Therefore one should learn these three self control, charity and compassion.

KHANDA 3

1 This is Prajapati this heart (intellect). It is Brahman, it is everything. Hridaya (heart) has three syllables. Hr is one syllable. To him who knows as above, his own people and others bring (presents). Da is another syllable. To him who knows as above, his own people and others give (their powers). Ya is another syllable. He who knows as above goes to Heaven.

KHANDA 4

1 That (intellect Brahman) was but this Satya (gross and subtle) alone. He who knows this great, adorable, first born (being) as the Satya Brahman, conquers these worlds, and his (enemy) is thus conquered and becomes non existent he who knows this great, adorable, first born (being) thus, as the Satya Brahman, for Satya is indeed Brahman.

KHANDA 5

1 This (universe) was but water (liquid oblations connected with sacrifices) in the beginning. That water produced Satya. Satya is Brahman. Brahman (produced) Prajapati, and Prajapati the Devas. Those Devas meditate upon Satya alone. This (name) Satya consists of three syllables Sacrifice is one syllable, Ti is another syllable, and "Ya is the third syllable. The first and last syllables are truth. In the middle is untruth. This untruth is enclosed on either side by truth. Hence() there is a preponderance of truth. One who knows as above is never hurt by untruth.

2 That which is Satya is that Sun the being who is in that orb and the being who is in the right eye. These two rest on each other. The former rests on the latter through the rays, and the latter rests on the former through the function of the eyes. When a man is about to leave the body, he sees the solar orb as clear. The rays no more come to him.

3 Of this being who is in the solar orb, the syllable Bhur is the head, for there is one head, and there is this one syllable; the word Bhuvar is the arms, for there are two arms, and there are these two syllables; the word Svar is the feet, for there are two feet, and there are these two syllables. His secret name is Ahar He who knows as above destroys and shuns evil.

4 Of this being who is in the right eye, the syllable Bhur is the head, for there is one head, and there is this one syllable; the word Bhuvar is the arms, for there are two arms, and there are these two syllables; the word Svar is the feet, for there are two feet, and there are these two syllables. His secret name is Aham He who knows as above destroys and shuns evil.

KHANDA 6

1 This being identified with the mind and resplendent (is realised by the Yogins) within the heart like a grain of Rice or barley. He is the lord of all, the ruler of all, and governs whatever there is.

KHANDA 7

1 They say lightning is Brahman. It is called lightning Vidyut() because it scatters (darkness). He who knows it as such that lightning is Brahman scatters evils (that are ranged against) him, for lightning is indeed Brahman.

KHANDA 8

1 One should meditate upon speech (the Vedas) as a cow (as it were). She has four teats the sounds Svaha" Vasat Hanta and Svadha The Devas live on two of her teats the sounds Svaha and Vasat men on the sound Hanta and the Pitris (manes) on the sound Svadha Her bull is the vital force, and her calf the mind.

KHANDA 9

1 This fire that is within a man and digests the food that is eaten, is Vaisvanara. It emits this sound that one hears by stopping the ears thus. When a man is about to leave the body, he no more hears this sound.

KHANDA 10

1 When a man departs from this world, he reaches the air, which makes an opening there for him like the hole of a Chariot wheel. He goes upwards through that and reaches the Sun, who makes an opening there for him like the hole of a tabor. He goes upwards through that and reaches the Moon, who makes an opening there for him like the hole of a drum. He goes upwards through that and reaches a world free from grief and from cold. He lives there for eternal years.

KHANDA 11

1 This indeed is excellent austerity that a man suffers when he is ill. He who knows as above wins an excellent world. This indeed is excellent austerity that a man after death is carried to the forest. He who knows as above wins an excellent world. This indeed is excellent austerity that a man after death is placed in the fire. He who knows as above wins an excellent world.

KHANDA 12

1 Some say that food is Brahman. It is not so, for food rots without the vital force. Others say that the vital force is Brahman. It is not so, for the vital force dries up without food. But these two deities being united attain their highest. So Pratrda said to his father, What good indeed can I do to one who knows like this, and what evil indeed can I do to him either? The father, with a gesture of the hand, said, Of, no, Pratrda, for who would attain his highest by being identified with them Then he said to him this It is "Vi". Food is "vi", for all these creatures rest on food. It is Ram"". The vital force is Ram"", for all these creatures delight if there is the vital force On him who knows as above all creatures rest, and in him all creatures delight.

KHANDA 13

1 (One should meditate upon the vital force as) the Uktha (a hymn of praise). The vital force is the Uktha, for it raises this universe. From him who knows as above rises a son who is a knower of the vital force, and he achieves union with and abode in the same world as the Uktha.

2 (One should meditate upon the vital force as) the Yajus. The vital force is the Yajus, for all these beings are joined with one another if there is the vital force. All beings are joined for the eminence of him who knows as above, and he achieves union with and abode in the same world as the Yajus (vital force).

3 (One should meditate upon the vital force as) the Saman. The vital force is the Saman, for all these beings are united if there is the vital force. For him who knows as above all beings are united, and they succeed in bringing about his eminence, and he achieves union with abode in the same world as the Saman.

4 (One should meditate upon the vital force as) the Ksatra. The vital force is the Ksatra, for it is indeed the Ksatra. The vital force protects the body from wounds. He who knows as above attains this Ksatra (vital force) that has no other protector, and achieves union with and abode in the same world as the Ksatra.

KHANDA 14

1 Bhumi (the Earth), Antariksa Sky() and Dyaus Heaven() make eight syllables, and the first foot of the Gayatri has eight syllables. So the above three worlds constitute the first foot of the Gayatri. He who knows the first foot of the Gayatri to be such wins as much as there is in those three worlds.

2 Reah Yajumsi and Samani make eight syllables, and the second foot of the Gayatri has eight syllables. So the above three Vedas constitute the second foot of the Gayatri. He who knows the second foot of the Gayatri to be such wins as much as that treasury of knowledge, the three Vedas, has to confer.

3 Prana Apana and Vyana make eight syllables, and the third foot of the Gayatri has eight syllables. So the above three forms of vital force constitute the third foot of the Gayatri. He who knows the third foot of the Gayatri to be such wins all the living beings that are in the universe. Now its Turiya, apparently visible, supramundane foot is indeed this the Sun that shines. Turiya means the fourth. Apparently visible foot because he is seen, as it were. Supramundane because he shines on the whole universe as its overlord. He who knows the fourth foot of the Gayatri to be such shines in the same way with splendour and fame.

4 That Gayatri rests on this fourth, apparently visible, supramundane foot. That again rests on truth. The eye is truth, for the eye is indeed truth. Therefore if even today two persons come disputing, one saying, I saw it and another, I heard of it we believe him only who says, I saw it That truth rests on strength. The vital force is strength. Hence() truth rests on the vital force. Therefore they say strength is more powerful than truth. Thus the Gayatri rests on the vital force within the body. That Gayatri saved the Gayas. The organs are the Gayas; so it saved the organs. Now, because it saved the organs, therefore it is called the Gayatri. The Savitri that the teacher communicates to the pupil is no other than this. It saves the organs of him to whom it is communicated.

5 Some communicate (to the pupil) the Savitri that is Anustubh (saying), speech is Anustubh; we shall impart that to him One should not do like that. One should communicate that Savitri which is the Gayatri. Even if a man who knows as above accepts too much as gift, as it were, it is not (enough) for even one foot of the Gayatri.

6 He who accepts these three worlds replete (with wealth), will be receiving (the results of knowing) only the first foot of the Gayatri. He who accepts as much as this treasury of knowledge, the Vedas (has to confer), will receive (the results of knowing) only its second foot. And he who accepts as much as (is covered by) all living beings, will receive (the results of knowing) only its third foot. With its fourth, apparently visible, supramundane foot the Sun that shines is not to be counter balanced by any gift received. Indeed how could any one accept so much as gift

7 Its salutation: O Gayatri, thou art one footed, two footed, there footed and four footed, and thou art without any feet, for thou art unattainable. Salutation to thee, the fourth, apparently visible, supramundane foot May the enemy never attain his object (Should the knower of the Gayatri) bear hatred towards anybody, (he should) either (use this Mantra) Such and such way his desired object never flourish! in which case that object of the person against whom he thus salutes the Gayatri, never flourishes or (he may say), May I attain that (cherished object) of his!

8 On this Janaka, Emperor of Videha, is said to have told Budila, the son of Asvatarasva, Well, you gave yourself out as a knower of the Gayatri; then why, alas, are you carrying (me) as an elephant He replied, Because I did not know its mouth, O Emperor Agni is its mouth. Even if they put a large quantity of fuel into the fire, it is all burnt up. Similarly, even if one who knows as above commits a great many sins, he consumes them all and becomes pure, cleansed, undecaying and immortal

KHANDA 15

1 The face (nature) of Satya Brahman() is hidden (as it were) with a golden vessel. O Pusan (nourisher of the world the Sun), remove it, so that I, whose reality is Satya, may see (the face). O Pusan, O solitary Rishi (seer or traveller), O Yama (controller), O Surya (sun), O son of Prajapati God( or Hiranyagarbha), take away thy rays, curb thy brightness. I wish to behold that most benignant form of thine. I myself am that person; and I am immortal. (When my body falls) may my vital force return to the air (cosmic force), and this body too, reduced to ashes, (go to the Earth)! O fire, who art the syllable Aum O Deity of deliberations, recollect, recollect all that I have done, O Deity of deliberations, recollect, recollect all that I have done. O Agni, lead us along the good way towards our riches (deserts). O Lord, thou knowest everybody s mental states; remove the wily evil from us. We utter repeated salutations to thee.

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