Tkl 2 2 09

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 11 Oct 2011 10:52 and updated at 11 Oct 2011 10:52

TIRUKKURAL of Tiruvalluvar, the Tamil poet




2.2 Ministers of State


2.2.9. Not to dread the Council

Men, pure in Heart, who know of words the varied force,
The mighty council s moods discern, nor fail in their discourse.
The pure who know the classification of words having first ascertained the nature (of the court) will not (through fear) falter in their Speech before the powerful body.

Who what they ve learned, in penetrating words heve learned to say,
Before the learn d among the learn d most learn d are they.
Those who can agreeably set forth their acquirements before the learned will be regarded as the most learned among the learned.

Many encountering death in face of Foe will hold their ground;
Who speak undaunted in the council hall are rarely found.
Many indeed may (fearlessly) die in the presence of (their) Foes; (but) few are those who are fearless in the assembly (of the learned).

What you have learned, in penetrating words speak out before
The learn d; but learn what men more learn d can teach you more.
Ministers() should agreeably set forth their acquirements before the learned and acquire more Knowledge() from their superiors (in learning).

By rule, to dialectic art your mind apply,
That in the council fearless you may make an apt reply.
In order to reply fearlessly before a foreign court, Ministers() should learn logic according to the rules (of Grammar).

To those who lack the Hero s eye what can the Sword avail?
Or Science what, to those before the council keen who quail?
What have they to do with a Sword who are not valiant, or they with learning who are afraid of an intelligent assembly

As shining Sword before the Foe which sexless being bears,
Is Science learned by him the council s face who fears.
The learning of him who is diffident before an assembly is like the shining Sword of an hermaphrodite in the presence of his Foes.

Though many things they ve learned, yet useless are they all,
To man who cannot well and strongly speak in council hall.
Those who cannot agreeably speak good things before a good assembly are indeed unProfitable persons inspite of all their various acquirements.

Who, though they ve learned, before the council of the good men quake,
Than men unlearn d a lower place must take.
They who, though they have learned and understood, are yet afraid of the assembly of the good, are said to be inferior (even) to the illiterate.

Who what they ve learned, in penetrating words know not to say,
The council fearing, though they live, as dead are they.
Those who through fear of the assembly are unable to set forth their learning in an interesting manner, though alive, are yet like the dead.

Share:- Facebook