Tkl 2 1 01

Created by Jijith Nadumuri at 11 Oct 2011 10:40 and updated at 11 Oct 2011 10:40

TIRUKKURAL of Tiruvalluvar, the Tamil poet




2.1 Royalty


2.1.1 The Greatness of a King

An Army, People, Wealth, a Minister, Friends, Fort: Six things
Who owns them all, a Lion lives amid the Kings.
He who possesses these Six things, an Army, a People, Wealth, Ministers, Friends and a Fortress, is a Lion among Kings.

Courage, a liberal hand, Wisdom, and Energy: these Four
Are qualities a King adorn for evermore.
Never to fail in these Four things, Fearlessness, Liberality, Wisdom, and Energy, is the Kingly character.

A sleepless promptitude, Knowledge, decision strong:
These Three for aye to rulers of the land belong.
These Three things, viz., Vigilance, learning, and Bravery, should never be wanting in the ruler of a country.

Kingship, in Virtue failing not, all Vice restrains,
In courage failing not, it honour s grace maintains.
He is a King who, with manly Modesty, swerves not from Virtue, and refrains from Vice.

A King is he who treasure gains, stores up, defends,
And duly for his Kingdom s weal expends.
He is a King who is able to acquire Wealth(), to lay it up, to guard, and to distribute it.

Where King is easy of access, where no harsh word repels,
That land s high praises every subject swells.
The whole World will exalt the country of the King who is easy of access, and who is free from harsh language.

With pleasant Speech, who gives and guards with powerful liberal hand,
He sees the World obedient all to his command.
The World will praise and submit itself to the mind of the King who is able to give with affability, and to protect all who come to him.

Who guards the realm and Justice strict maintains,
That King as god over subject people reigns.
That King, will be esteemed a God among men, who performs his own duties, and protects (his subjects).

The King of worth, who can words bitter to his ear endure,
Beneath the shadow of his power the World abides secure.
The whole World will dwell under the umbrella of the King, who can bear words that embitter the ear.

Gifts, Grace, right Sceptre, care of people s Weal;
These Four a light of dreaded Kings reveal.
He is the light of Kings who has there Four things, Beneficence, Benevolence, Rectitude, and care for his people.

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